Isifundo 1: Ukuxhumana usebenzisa i-imeyili

Ziningi izindlela zokuhlala uxhumene nabanye usebenzisa i-inthanethi. Enye edume kakhulu i-imeyili noma i-electronic mail. Kulesi sifundo, uzofunda kabanzi nge-imeyili, ukuthi ungayisetha kanjani i-akhawunti ye-imeyili, nokuthi ungayisebenzisa kanjani ukuxhumana nabantu.

Ekupheleni kwalesi sifundo uzokwazi uku:

  • Chaza ukusetshenziswa kwe-imeyili.
  • Thola izinketho zokusetha i-akhawunti ye-imeyili.
  • Sebenzisa isevisi ye-imeyili ukuthumela i-imeyili.
  • Sebenzisa isevisi ye-imeyili ukubuka nokuphendula imiyalezo.

Isingeniso se-imeyili

Nge-inthanethi, sikwazi ukuxhumana nabanye ngezindlela ezintsha. Isibonelo, esikhundleni sokuthumela incwadi eposini. I-imeyili iyisevisi yewebhu ekuvumela ukuthi uxhumane kalula nabangani, umndeni, nabanye online. I-akhawunti ye-imeyili ikwenza ukwazi ukuthumela nokwamukela imeyili ngekhompyutha, usebenzisa i-inthanethi.

Ake sibheke ukuthi i-imeyili ihluke kanjani neposi. Uma ufuna ukuthumela incwadi noma uphathisa iphasela, imvamisa kunokumbalwa ongakhetha kukho, njengeposi, i-PostNet noma insizakalo yeposi. Nge-imeyili, unabahlinzeki abahlukahlukene ongakhetha kubo, futhi ungabhalisela enye yalezi zinsiza mahhala. Omunye wabahlinzeki be-imeyili odume kakhulu yi-Gmail, kepha kukhona nabanye abaningi.

Lapho sithumela imeyili yendabuko, sidinga ukwazi igama nekheli lendawo lomamukeli. Nge-imeyili, wonke umsebenzisi we-imeyili ubhalisela ikheli le-imeyili elehlukile. Ikheli ngalinye le-imeyili lifaka igama lomnikazi, i-username (umnikazi we-akhawunti ye-imeyili alikhethayo), uphawu @, kanye negama lewebhusayithi, njenge-Gmail. Isibonelo, othile ogama lakhe linguDintle Gwete, obhalisela i-akhawunti ye-imeyili nge-Gmail, angahle asebenzise ikheli le-imeyili, dintle.gwete@gmail.com.

Umlayezo we-imeyili uhamba ngekhompyutha phezu kwamanethiwekhi akha i-intanethi futhi uvame ukufika ebhokisini lemilayezo engenayo komunye umuntu (njenge  electronic letterbox)  kungakapheli imizuzu, kwesinye isikhathi imizuzwana. Lokhu kwenza i-imeyili ibe yindlela esheshayo yokuxhumana kunokusebenzisa imeyili yendabuko.

Ungathola ama-imeyili ebhokisini lakho langenayo eliku-inthanethi kunoma ngubani one-akhawunti ye-imeyili noma engasebenzisi umhlinzeki ofana nowakho. Imvamisa ungafinyelela kwi-akhawunti yakho ye-imeyili kusuka kunoma iyiphi idivayisi enesiphequluli sewebhumeyili, njengedeskithophu noma ikhompuyutha ephathekayo, ithebhulethi noma i-smartphone. Ukufaka izinhlelo zokusebenza ze-imeyili ku-smartphone sakho kukuvumela ukuthi uthumele futhi wamukele i-imeyili noma ngabe ukuphi – ngetekisi, ezitolo noma endaweni yokudlel

Bhalisela i-imeyili

Ukuthumela nokwamukela ama-imeyili, udinga kuqala ukubhalisela i-akhawunti ye-imeyili yakho. Abahlinzeki abaningi be-imeyili bakuvumela ukuthi wakhe i-akhawunti mahhala. Lapho usubhalisile, uzoba ne-mailbox yakho eqondene nawe yokuthumela nokwamukela imeyili.

Ukubhalisela i-akhawunti ye-imeyili, udinga uku:

  1. Khetha umhlinzeki, njenge-Gmail noma i-Yahoo.
  2. Yenza ikheli le-imeyili: Leli ikheli abanye abantu abazolisebenzisa ukuthumela i-imeyili kuwe. Ungakhetha noma yiliphi ikheli le-imeyili, inqobo nje uma lingathathwanga ngomunye umuntu. Imvamisa kuwumqondo omuhle ukusebenzisa igama lakho kukheli lakho le-imeyili ukuze abanye bazi ukuthi baxhumana nobani.
  3. Yenza i-akhawunti: Uzocelwa imininingwane eyisisekelo yomuntu siqu. Uzobuye futhi usethe iphasiwedi ukuvikela i-akhawunti yakho ukuze kungabikho omunye umuntu ongakwazi ukuvula nokufunda i-imeyili yakho.
  4. Ngena ngemvume (sign/ log in) : I-akhawunti yakho ye-imeyili ibhokisi leposi elizimele ongafinyelela kulo kuphela. Udinga ukukhumbula iphasiwedi yakho bese ungena ngemvume lapho ufuna ukubuka ibhokisi lakho lokungenayo noma uthumele imeyili.

Lezi zinyathelo zivame ukufana, noma ngabe ukhetha muphi umhlinzeki we-imeyili. 

Bhalisela i-akhawunti ye-Gmail

I-Gmail iyisevisi ye-imeyili  yakwaGoogle. Ungabhalisela i-akhawunti yamahhala ye-Gmail ukuze uqale ukuthumela nokwamukela imilayezo. 

Ake simbeke indlela yokubhalisela i-akhawunti ye-Gmail bese sakha ikheli lakho le-imeyili. Ukuze uqalise nge-Gmail unga:

  1. Ungasebenzisa uhlelo lokusebenza lwe-Gmail ku-smartphone yakho noma udale i-akhawunti ye-Gmail mahhala ku-gmail.com.
  2. Kusuka lapha, khetha u-Create account ukuze wenze i-akhawunti.
  3. Okulandelayo, ucelwa ukuthi wenze ikheli le-imeyili. Ikheli lakho le-imeyili kufanele lihluke. Ngakho-ke, uma ukhetha igama ozolisebenzisa (username) eselithathwe ngomunye umuntu, kuzomele uqhamuke nelinye. Khumbula ikheli lakho le-imeyili ukuze ukwazi ukwabelana ngalo nabanye. Uma usunqume igama lomsebenzisi eliyingqayizivele, khetha Okulandelayo.
  4. Kusuka lapha, ucelwa ukuthi wenze iphasiwedi ye-akhawunti yakho ye-imeyili. Faka iphasiwedi ehlangabezana nemibandela bese ukhetha “Next”.
  5. Nikeza igama lakho nesibongo se-akhawunti yakho bese ukhetha “Next”.
  6. Uma usuqedile, uzongena ku-akhawunti yakho ye-imeyili, futhi ibhokisi lakho lokungenayo lizoba sesikrinini.
  7. Uma kwenzeka udinga ukubuka ulwazi lwe-akhawunti yakho, chofoza isithonjana (kungaba isithombe sakho noma uhlamvu lokuqala lwegama lakho), bese uchofoza okuthi “Manage your Google account”,okusho ukuthi uzolisebenzisa kanjani ikhasi lakho le email.
  8. Uma ufuna ukuphuma kwi-akhawunti yakho. Ngokwesibonelo, uma usebenzisa ikhompuyutha eyabelwe ukufinyelela i-Gmail.com, njengasesikoleni noma umtapowolwazi, kuwumqondo omuhle ukuphuma ku-akhawunti yakho ngaphambi kokushiya leyo khompyutha.

Izisekelo ze-imeyili

Uma usuyenzile i-akhawunti nomhlinzeki we-imeyili futhi unekheli le-imeyili, usukulungele ukuxhumana usebenzisa i-imeyili. Udinga nje ukungena kwi-akhawunti yakho ukufinyelela ibhokisi lakho lokungenayo bese uthumela futhi wamukele ama-imeyili. Ungangena ku-imeyili yakho usebenzisa ifoni noma ikhompyutha yakho, inqobo nje uma unokuxhumeka kwe-inthanethi.

Akunandaba ukuthi usebenzisa muphi umhlinzeki we-imeyili, kunezinhlelo eziningi zanamuhla ze-imeyili ezifanayo. Lezi zinhlelo zingabukeka zihluke kancane, kuya ngokuthi usebenzisa muphi umhlinzeki, kepha uzosebenzisa i-imeyili ngendlela efanayo.

Ingxenye eyinhloko yokusebenzelana kwe-imeyili yakho yibhokisi lokungenayo (inbox). Yilapho ungabuka khona yonke imilayezo oyitholile. Imiyalezo ivame ukufakwa ohlwini lwegama lomthumeli, isihloko somlayezo we-imeyili, nosuku nesikhathi eyamukelwa ngaso i-imeyili

Ungakwazi ukuhlela imilayezo yakho ibe amafolda uma uthanda. Lawa mafolda avela kufasitelana lamafolda eduze kohlu lwemiyalezo yakho. Amanye amafolda afakwa ngokuzenzakalelayo, njengefolda ethi “Drafts”, emilayezweni ongakayithumeli, ifolda “Sent” yemiyalezo osuvele uyithumele, kanye ,“Bin” noma “Trash” (lefolda kubuye ibizwe ngokuthi “Deleted Items”) emilayezweni oyisusile. Abanye abahlinzeki be-imeyili, njenge-Gmail, babiza lawa mafolda ngokuthi, “Labels”.

Ungakha futhi uqambe amafolda akho noma amalebula ukuze uhlele ama-imeyili akho, isibonelo, ungase ube namafolda abizwa ngokuthi “Izicelo Zomsebenzi”, “Umndeni nabangane”, noma “Amahlaya”. Ku-GMail, uma ufuna ukwengeza i-imeyili kulebula, chofoza inkinobho ethi “Labels”, bese ukhetha ilebula ehambisanayo. Kwezinye izinhlelo, njenge-Outlook, uma ufuna ukufaka i-imeyili kwelinye lalawa mafolda, ungahudula bese uphonsa i-imeyili esuka kubhokisi lokungenayo uye kuleyo folda, noma ukhethe inketho ethi “Move to” iribhoni.

Ngokusebenzisa okuthi “Compose” phezulu kwesokunxele esikrinini sakho ungabhala, uhlele, ufomethe, futhi uthumele umlayezo we-imeyili. Futhi unezinketho zokuphendula umlayezo noma uwudlulisele kwabanye.

Bhala bese uthumela i-imeyili

Ukuthumela umlayezo usebenzisa i-imeyili kuyashesha futhi kuqondile. Ungakhetha ukuthi ngubani ozothola umlayezo wakho ngokungeza ikheli labo le-imeyili, bhala futhi ufomethe umyalezo wakho, unamathisele ezinye izinhlobo zamafayela njengamavidiyo noma izithombe, bese uthumela umyalezo ngokushesha.

Ukwakha nokuthumela i-imeyili:

  1. Khetha “Compose” ukubhala i-imeyili entsha.
  2. Ebhokisini lombhalo eliseduze kwegama ‘’To’’ i-imeyili yomuntu, isib. thayipha sipho.dlamini@yahoo.com.
  3. Eduze kwegama elithi ‘Isihloko’ (Subject), thayipha isihloko se-imeyili, isib. “Catch up”.
  4. Manje thayipha umyalezo wakho (umzimba we-imeyili): Sawubona Sipho – ngiyakubheka nje. Zihamba kanjani izinto?
  5. Chofoza u-Send

Ukufaka ifayela ku-imeyili

Ukuze ufake ifayela ku-imeyili, ku-imeyili evuliwe:

  1. Chofoza isithonjana se-paperclip
  2. Thola bese ukhetha ifayela ofuna ukulifaka ekhompyutheni noma kumakhale khukhwimi wakho.
  3. Ifayela kufanele lizingenele ku-imeyili uma uchofoza kulo.
  4. Uma ifayela selilodiwe, thumela i-imeyili.

Funda bese uphendula i-imeyili

Noma yimaphi ama-imeyili owatholayo asuka kwabanye azobonakala ebhokisini lakho lokungenayo. Kusuka ebhokisini lakho lokungenayo, ungakhetha umyalezo ongawuvula nokuwufunda. Okuqukethwe kwi-imeyili kuvela kufasitelana lokufunda. Ngemuva kwalokho ungakhetha ukuphendula umuntu okuthumele lo myalezo, udlulisele lowo myalezo komunye umuntu, ususe lowo myalezo, nokuningi

I-Gmail inikeza izinketho ezahlukahlukene zokuphatha izimpendulo ze-imeyili. Udinga ukuqonda ukuthi inketho ngayinye isho ukuthini ukuze ukhethe okungcono kakhulu esimweni ngasinye. Isibonelo, uma uthola i-imeyili evela kudadewenu, uSibongile, kunezindlela ezintathu zokuphendula:

1. Phendula (Reply)

Khetha ‘Phendula’ (Reply) kusuka phezulu kwe-imeyili uqobo noma uphendule kusuka kubha yamathuluzi eribhoni. Uma usuthayiphe impendulo yakho, chofoza okuthi ‘Thumela’ (Send).

2. Phendula Bonke (Reply All)

Uma uSibongile ethumele i-imeyili yakhe nobabili nomfowenu, ungasebenzisa ukukhetha umbhalo othi ‘Phendula Bonke’ (Reply All). Lokhu kusho ukuthi wonke umuntu oku-imeyili – bobabili uSibongile nomfowenu bazothola impendulo yakho. Ebhizinisini nakwezinye izinhlelo ezisemthethweni, i-imeyili eyodwa ingaya kuhlu olude lwabantu njengamalungu eqembu. Kubalulekile ukukhumbula ukuthi “Phendula Bonke’’ (Reply All) bazothumela i-imeyili kubo bonke abasohlwini. Ngakho-ke, qaphela ukuthi uthini ngoba wonke umuntu uzothola ikhophi, futhi kufanele ucabange nokuthi kubalulekile yini ukuthi wonke umuntu athole ikhophi yalokho okuthumelayo. Ngabe ungangcono uma uphendula umthumeli wokuqala?

3. Dlulisa (Forward)

Uma ucabanga ukuthi umama wakho angaba nentshisekelo nge-imeyili kaSibongile, ungayithumela kunina, ngokuyidlulisela phambili esebenzisa i-forward funtion. Yonke i-imeyili, kufaka phakathi okufakiwe, ithunyelwa kukheli le-imeyili elisha. Ungabhala okunye njengokwengeza imibono yakho phezulu kwe-imeyili ukuze wenze i-imeyili ibe ngeyakho uqobo.

Awuzibuze

Ingabe unalo  i-imeyili address? Usunesikhathi esingakanani unayo? Uyisebenziselani? Ungakwazi yini ukucabanga enye indlela yokuthumela imilayezo?

Imibuzo

Hlola inqubeko yokusebenza kwakho